Crisis Response and Disaster Resilience 2030: Forging Strategic Action in an Age of Uncertainty. Summary of Key Insights of the 2010-2011 Strategic Foresight Initiative. January 2012 – “To ensure our Nation’s resilience to disasters, the emergency management community must be postured to manage the complexity, pace of change, and uncertainty of the future environment. To do this, the emergency management community needs to establish and maintain a foresight capability — to explore future drivers of change and trends that could shape the future, understand their strategic impacts, and develop actions to meet future needs to inform decision-making.” format: PDF, Last accessed 01.25.12
Checklist for Integrating People with Disabilities and Others with Access and Functional Needs into Emergency Planning, Response & Recovery, 2011 Format: PDF For emergency planners and managers who have responsibility for developing, maintaining, testing, and revising emergency plans. It is designed to help:
Whole Community Planning
Getting Real II: Promising Practices in Inclusive Emergency Management for the Whole Community” 9/12-12/11 the Federal Emergency Management Agency’s Office of Disability Integration and Coordination hosted a successful conference focusing on disability inclusive promising practices in emergency management.All of the presentations are on-line and cover a range of topics from empowering children to become emergency preparedness ambassadors to developing Smartphone apps for emergency responders to sign language interpreter strike teams. The products related to this conference are accessible. The videos are captioned. Most videos include the ASL interpreter in a window. Text transcripts and PowerPoint presentations are also accessible and available for download. Last accessed 12.11.11
Posts (prior to 12/2010)
Be Ready To Go: Disability-Specific Supplies For Emergency Kits. June Kailes  last accessed 11.15.10, format PDF
Be Ready to Go: Evacuation Transportation Planning Tips for People with Access and Functional Needs. June Kailes  last accessed 11.15.10, format PDF
News from Office of the Mayor
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
January 21, 2010
City of Oakland , Disability Rights Advocates Herald Agreement to
Adopt Model Disaster Readiness Programs for the Disabled
- Oakland First City in Country to Implement Functional Needs Framework
Oakland, CA – The City of Oakland (City) and Disability Rights Advocates (DRA) have reached an agreement on the settlement of a class action lawsuit filed by the California Foundation for Independent Living Centers and Californians for Disability Rights to improve disability access to emergency preparedness programs. Under the settlement, the City shall create a Functional Needs Annex to its Mass Care and Shelter Plan, which will specifically address the needs of persons with disabilities regarding emergencies.
“This is the first constructive resolution in the country in which the broader disability community and a public entity worked cooperatively to develop the best possible plan for disability access to disaster readiness activities,” said Sid Wolinsky, DRA Director of Litigation.
Oakland’s Mass Care and Shelter Plan and all other emergency preparedness initiatives are adopting the functional needs framework for serving persons with disabilities and older adults. “Disaster preparation and emergency response systems can be made more effective for people with disabilities, as well as for the population as a whole. An essential element of building appropriate levels of capacity is to move beyond use of the "special needs" category and adopt a more accurate and flexible framework based on five essential functional areas: communication, medical, independence maintenance, supervision and transportation,” said June Isaacson Kailes, the City’s disability policy consultant.
Judith Smith, an Oakland resident who is a wheelchair user, expressed her satisfaction with the settlement. “Prior to the settlement, I feared that I would be stranded in my home during a disaster or turned away from a shelter because of my wheelchair. As a result of collaborative efforts between DRA and Oakland , I am relieved that an emergency plan exists for people with disabilities.”
Highlights of the Functional Needs Annex include:
Under the terms of the
settlement, which was just approved
by the Oakland City Council, the new plan will be periodically updated
Disability Rights Advocates (DRA) will monitor Oakland ’s progress in
implementing the plan over the next four and a half years.
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
January 21, 2010
SWEEPING SETTLEMENT REACHED BY THE CITY OF OAKLAND TO INCLUDE PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES IN DISASTER PLANNING
OAKLAND, Calif. – In a sweeping settlement announced today by Disability Rights Advocates (DRA) and the City of Oakland, Oakland has agreed to adopt an emergency plan which incorporates the needs of people with all types of disabilities.
The suit was filed in 2007 against the City of Oakland to remedy the lack of consideration of people with disabilities in its emergency preparation plan. Plaintiffs – the California Foundation for Independent Living Centers ("CFILC"), Californians for Disability Rights, Inc. ("CDR"), and Marian Gray (an Oakland taxpayer) were represented by Disability Rights Advocates (DRA), a non-profit law center that specializes in civil rights cases on behalf of persons with disabilities in Berkeley, California.
After the lawsuit was filed, Oakland immediately began to work with DRA in cooperative negotiations. The City then hired a consultant to evaluate its existing plans and to recommend improvements that would make the City more responsive to its disabled and elderly residents. These recommendations became the foundation of the new plan, known as the Functional Needs Annex for Mass Care and Shelter.
The recent anniversary of the Loma Prieta earthquake was a reminder to Oakland residents of Oakland’s susceptibility to a disaster. Since 1983, the City of Oakland has experienced eight Presidential-declared disasters, including the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake, 1991 Oakland Hills Firestorm, the 1997 El Nino winter storms, and the 1998 La Nina winter storms.
During many of these disasters, the homes of Oakland residents were destroyed, requiring mass evacuations and the provision of emergency shelter services. Oakland’s record of disasters compounded by its proportion of people with disabilities - estimated at 15-20% of the City’s population - highlight the severity of this issue and the importance of its awaited settlement.
Highlights of the Functional Needs Annex include:
"This settlement is a victory for all Oaklanders – residents and the disability community who have a right to equal access to mass care and shelter programs," said Oakland Mayor Ron Dellums. "It would be indefensible to delay improving disability access to our emergency services programs. Instead of debating this through the legal process, costing hundreds of thousands of taxpayer dollars, we are taking immediate action to adopt cutting edge disaster readiness initiatives for people with disabilities.”
Judith Smith, an Oakland resident who is a wheelchair user, expressed her satisfaction with the settlement. “Prior to the settlement, I feared that I would be stranded in my home during a disaster or turned away from a shelter because of my wheelchair. As a result of collaborative efforts between DRA and Oakland, I am relieved that an emergency plan exists for people with disabilities.”
“With this plan Oakland is committing to address the needs of people with disabilities at every stage of emergency response, from communicating information about the disaster to evacuating residents to providing shelter to preparing for long-term recovery,” said Karla Gilbride of Disability Rights Advocates, an attorney representing the plaintiffs. “This sort of comprehensive approach is the best way to ensure that people with disabilities aren’t left behind the way they were after Hurricane Katrina.”
Under the terms of the settlement, which was just approved by the Oakland City Council, the new plan will be periodically updated and Disability Rights Advocates (DRA) will monitor Oakland’s progress in implementing the plan over the next four and a half years
Assessment Service Teams
“The intent of using Functional
Assessment Service Teams (FASTs) in shelters is to recognize that some
people need assistance with essential functional needs and some do
What is important is that response planning incorporates ways to offer life preservers and safety nets.
Safety nets help people, whose margin of resiliency is smaller and whose vulnerability is greater, get essential functional needs met in unstable and changing environments.
Some people and systems confuse safety nets with fishing nets. Fishing nets, as they do with fish, scoop people from environments in which they coped or thrived, confine them and threaten their health, safety and independence.”
June Isaacson Kailes, Disability Policy Consultant, 2008
Functional Assessment Service Teams
http://www.cdss.ca.gov/dis/PG1909.htm (LAST ACCESSED 04.3.09)This site contains information about disaster sheltering for People with Disabilities and Elderly (PWD/E) and Functional Assessment Service Teams (FAST):
© 1998 - 2011 June Isaacson Kailes, Disability Policy Consultant, All Rights Reserved.
Created 11/8/97 | Updated 01.25.12